Community-Based Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Humanitarian Settings: Three-Tiered Support for Children and Families
Sustainable Development Goals: 3
- SDG 3 - Good Health and Well-Being
Community-Based Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Humanitarian Settings: Three-Tiered Support for Children and Families was inspired by one of the key goals of the United Nations Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescents’ Health for 2016-2030. The overall purpose of the report is to establish guidelines for shifting to a more proactive humanitarian setting. Based on the report, current humanitarian settings offer child-friendly spaces, but they could be more effective if humanitarian workers in these spaces provided children with resources to help them mentally cope with their hardships. Briefly, the report explains the problem: hardships threaten children mentally and developmentally. To capitalize on already limited resources, the report describes a four-layered system with increasing intensity of support. For each layer, it provides detailed suggestions on providing children with more mental support during crises. The report emphasizes the importance of the child’s parental and social environment, providing strategies for strengthening both of these external support systems and engaging the entire community. The recommendations proposed in the report are supported with case studies that illustrate the necessity and effectiveness of increasing mental and developmental support. The report provides a thorough description of overcoming the problem of inadequate support for children, but it only briefly touches upon the root causes of this issue.