Costing the Three Transformative Results

Johns Hopkins University, Avenir Health, Victoria University, Institute of Health, Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington, UNFPA
United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
Publication Year:
  • SDG 3 - Good Health and Well-Being


UNFPA embraces the vision set forth in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the targets contained in the 17 Sustainable Development Goals. UNFPA has organized its work around three transformative and people-centred results in the period leading up to 2030. These are: (a) ending preventable maternal deaths; (b) ending the unmet need for family planning; and (c) ending gender based violence and all harmful practices, including female genital mutilation and child, early and forced marriage. UNFPA selected these results based on the mandate, comparative advantage, work experience and capacity for advancing elements of the Sustainable Development Goals. While UNFPA’s mandate supports all 17 Sustainable Development Goals, the Fund is most directly aligned to the following:

  • Goal 3: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
  • Goal 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
  • Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries
  • Goal 16: Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
  • Goal 17: Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development

All of these Goals contribute directly to Goal 1, to end poverty. Goals 10, 16 and 17 are enabling conditions to help attain 3 and 5. In this context, the three transformative results reflect UNFPA’s prioritization and commitment to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 3 and Goal 5.

More specifically, the three transformative results are aligned with the following targets:

  • Target 3.1: By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births
  • Target 3.7: By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including family planning, information and education and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programmes
  • Target 5.2: Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation
  • Target 5.3: Eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation




UNFPA, working with partners across the globe, plans to attain the three transformative results by 2030 through three consecutive strategic plan cycles: (a) Strategic Plan 2018–2021, Set the vision and start action; (b) Strategic Plan 2022–2025, Consolidate gains; and (c) Strategic Plan 2026– 2030, Accelerate achievements.


With this publication, the final, critical piece of the puzzle to achieve the three transformative results is now available. For the first time, we know the global price tag to achieve these three world-changing goals. This new research makes clear that the costs of achieving the three transformative results will be high, but the benefits will be much greater.





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