Desire to delay the first childbirth among young, married women in India: A cross-sectional study based on national survey data
Sustainable Development Goals: 3, 5, 16
- SDG 3 - Good Health and Well-Being
- SDG 5 - Gender Equality
- SDG 16 - Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions
Data collected from India indicates that young women, when given options and opportunities such as education, prefer to wait longer periods of time before childbirth, rather than begin this process directly after marriage. This study analyzes the various influences on this proclivity for delayed pregnancy. The results indicated that education played a key factor, as women who were able to pursue a higher education reported a higher desired waiting time. Exposure to physical violence also made an impact on the preferred waiting time, as those who did not face domestic violence at the hands of their spouse were more likely to make a decision based off their own desires. This data was collected with a cross-sectional, population-based study, and the outcome measure was favored waiting time before having a first pregnancy. The conclusion of the results was that access to extended education and safety from gender-based violence in marital settings contributed to a women's ability to delay childbirth. With this deferral comes the improvement of the wellbeing of the women herself, but also the health of the properly planned future children.