The Effects of COVID-19 on Humanitarian Access in Ethiopia, Mozambique, and Myanmar

S Benjamin Bartu ,Kara Fitzgerald, Alexander Hammerslough , Esther Kang , Sarah Sakha , Preethi Srikanthan, Zi’an Yao
Publication Year:
  • SDG 3 - Good Health and Well-Being
  • SDG 16 - Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions


About the Project

Recent years have seen a sharp rise in the denial of humanitarian access in many forms, ranging from burdensome checkpoints along routes of aid delivery, to targeted violence against aid workers and the unintended overcompliance effects of counterterrorism regulations. As the gap between humanitarian need and available resources widens at an alarming global pace, the ability of that aid to reach those in need and of populations in need of assistance to reach aid is also deteriorating. In 2019, the CSIS Task Force on Humanitarian Access published its report on the various types of challenges to humanitarian access. These included not only those barriers to access weaponized by state and non-state groups in aid-receiving countries, but also those unintentionally created by donor states and aid organizations. In 2020, the global outbreak of COVID-19 seemed poised to transform a humanitarian landscape already increasingly confronted by such access constraints. One year after the onset of the pandemic, there is a need and an opportunity for greater evaluation and analysis to understand the real impacts COVID-19 on humanitarian access. The CSIS Task Force on Humanitarian Access tasked the SIPA Capstone team to analyze the impact of COVID-19 on humanitarian access in three contexts— Ethiopia, Myanmar, and Mozambique—and to offer tailored recommendations to the humanitarian and policymaking communities on the basis of this analysis.


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