Evaluation of UNICEF’s WASH programme in response to the conflict in the Eastern Ukraine (2014-2018)
Sustainable Development Goals: 5, 6, 11, 16
- SDG 5 - Gender Equality
- SDG 6 - Clean Water and Sanitation
- SDG 11 - Sustainable Cities and Communities
- SDG 16 - Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions
Evaluation of UNICEF’s WASH programmes will be instrumental in refining UNICEF’s activity and draw the implications for the design of recovery and development work in the future. The evaluation findings could support to the decision-making process and activity conducted by all humanitarian actors and government at strategic and program-level which provide WASH services focusing on the most vulnerable groups. In addition the comprehensive evaluation of UNICEF WASH programme will contribute to national sectoral policy making/programming.
Since the beginning of the conflict, UNICEF has supported the efforts to ensure uninterrupted access to the safe drinking water in sufficient volume, adequate sanitation and proper hygiene for conflict-affected population. UNICEF’s WASH programmes are the largest in size and beneficiary coverage and impact on children residing on the both sides of the conflict. According to the Humanitarian Needs Overview 2019 around 3.2 million people still need assistance due to inadequate water and sanitation. The decrepit water systems are at risk of failure due to lack of maintenance, active military actions, and direct shelling of facilities. The absence of data and lack of in depth case studies on the situation of WASH services for conflict-affected people might create some gaps in humanitarian and recovery response. As the fifth year of Eastern Ukraine’s armed conflict takes its toll, the local population continues to be affected by regular on-going hostilities and its consequences with issues related to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) as ones of the most acute.