A Giant Leap Backwards: Is the zero hunger goal achievable?
Sustainable Development Goals: 1, 2, 10, 16
- SDG 1 - No Poverty
- SDG 2 - Zero Hunger
- SDG 10 - Reduced Inequalities
- SDG 16 - Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions
This academic article discusses the feasibility of achieving the UN's zero hunger goal in face of recent back-sliding numbers of the undernourished population. Author Chakrabarty concludes that famines can be regarded as war crimes in cases where civilian populations are systematically denied access to food and nourishment. Conflict and climate-induced droughts are leadings factors in inducing global hunger. Therefore, the Zero Hunger goal must be led by the accomplishment of Sustainable Development Goals 13 (Climate Action) and 16 (Peace and Justice).
In 2015, there was optimism about the eradication of hunger as most countries had met the Millennium Development Goal of halving the proportion of hungry persons. However, within three years, the number of undernourished people has increased and the world is witnessing a re-emergence of this issue. This article critically reviews the literature on famines and concludes that regarding famines as was crimes is justified in countries where there has been a systematic effort to deny food to the civilian population. Two main reasons behind the increase in global hunger are conflicts and climate induced droughts in vulnerable regions. Therefore, the Zero Hunger Goal cannot e met without the achievement of Sustainable Development Goals 13 (Climate Action) and 16 (Peace and Justice).