Academic Publication

Having an EfECT: Professional development for teacher educators in Myanmar

Simon Borg
Ian Clifford
Khaing Phyu Htut
Teaching and Teacher Education
Publication Year:
May 04, 2020
  • SDG 4 - Quality Education

This article analyzes the EfECT project, which aimed to improve the competence of pre-service teacher educators as a part of Myanmar's educational reforms.


As part of Myanmar's current educational reforms, the EfECT project aimed to improve the competence of pre-service teacher educators in Education Colleges across the country. Drawing on baseline and exit measures collected through questionnaires, tests, observations, interviews and written reflections, this paper examines the impact of the two-year project on 1647 teacher educators' propositional knowledge of teaching methodology, practical teaching skills, reflective abilities and professional confidence. Overall, but not exclusively, the outcomes of the project in relation to these issues were positive, and these results are analysed critically with particular attention to the tools used to measure project impact. © 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (


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