Report

The prevalence of underweight, overweight and obesity in children and adolescents from Ukraine

Authors:
Katarzyna Dereń
Serhiy Nyankovskyy
Olena Nyankovska
Edyta Łuszczki
Justyna Wyszyńska
Marek Sobolewski
Artur Mazur
Source:
Nature scientific reports
Contributor:
Publication Year:
2018
  • SDG 2 - Zero Hunger
  • SDG 3 - Good Health and Well-Being
  • SDG 5 - Gender Equality

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of overweight, obesity and underweight in children from Ukraine. A cross-sectional study was performed on data collected from a representative sample of Ukraine children (13,739 children (boys 48%, girls 52%) aged 6.0–18.9 years). The measurement of body weight was performed with medical scales and height was measured using a stadiometer. Based on the results obtained, body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Three criteria were used to define childhood underweight, overweight and obesity: The International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) reference, World Health Organization (WHO) child growth standard and The US Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The combined prevalence of obesity and overweight among children aged 6–18 years old was 12.1%, 17.6%, and 12.6% based on the IOTF reference, WHO growth standard, and the CDC, respectively. Obesity was 2.1%, 4.2%, and 3.6% respectively. Significantly more girls were underweight than boys. Furthermore, a higher prevalence of overweight and obesity was diagnosed in younger that older Ukrainian population.

 

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