Case Study

Solving for Water Security in a Micro-Watershed in India

Subhash Jain
Ravi Sewak
Christopher McGahey
Safe Water Network
Publication Year:
April 29, 2020
  • SDG 6 - Clean Water and Sanitation
Solving for Water Security in a Micro-Watershed: 
Modeling Environmental Sustainability of Community Drinking Water Solutions in India

This field insight describes how Safe Water Network's Water Resource Management team in India measured the hydrologic footprint of multiple Stations in a micro-watershed to ensure that environmental requirements are also used to inform evaluation, site assessment, and the potential of Station operators and field staff to promote efficient water resource use.


Key Insights

  • Sustainability of groundwater is threatened by agricultural overuse. A local water balance and education by Station managers can help change this.
  • A Safe Water Station uses 0.03% of total water used in its village. Agriculture uses over 99%, indicating a need for improved efficiency.
  • Aquifer use by a community-sized Station is a small fraction of natural groundwater recharge and of total village water use. Sustainable expanded Station operations are possible.
  • Environmentally responsible disposal of wastewater is possible but requires control and regular monitoring.

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