Status of Early Childhood Development in China
Sustainable Development Goals: 3
- SDG 3 - Good Health and Well-Being
This article looks at the successes and limitations of early childhood development in China. According to Shao, China in particular has a large population of children under 5, which presents an interesting example to study and apply to other regions of the world. The issues present in China include poverty, lack of education, and malnutrition, which have a heavier burden on rural populations. However, the overall rates of childhood stunting have been reduced significantly over the years.
A 2017 report from UNICEF China also outlines policy options to address the concerns raised by Shao. UNICEF has launched pilot programs to provide educational materials to kindergarten teachers, and has worked directly with local community members to promote education for migrant and urban poor children. At the center of the programs are "child-friendly kindergartens," which promote early childhood development through interactive play activities rather than distant learning.