Unsafe Abortion and Maternal Mortality in Nigeria: A Review
Sustainable Development Goals: 3
- SDG 3 - Good Health and Well-Being
One major problem in Nigeria is unsafe abortion that leads to maternal mortality. This academic report attempts to determine the causes on unsafe abortion, which includes unwanted and unplanned pregnancies, restrictive abortion laws, low socioeconomic status, and cultural factors. Public health is a collaborative effort and requires many stakeholders to acknowledge this problem and determine the best course of action. Within public health there are primary, secondary, and tertiary levels of prevention. In terms of primary prevention, this may include providing sufficient contraceptives to prevent pregnancy altogether. Possible limitations to obtaining contraceptives are social-cultural and religious beliefs. For secondary prevention involves ensuring that there are providers and services who can help with the safe termination of pregnancy. Health care workers must have the sufficient knowledge and proper methods in providing safe abortions. Finally, for tertiary prevention includes community-based initiatives. This includes public education, dialogue, and mobilization throughout the population. Through a combination of all these actions, the prevalence of unsafe abortions and maternal mortality can decrease. For more information, please see the attached study.