Viet Nam: Evaluation of Adolescent Friendly Lower Secondary Schools
Sustainable Development Goals: 4, 9
- SDG 4 - Quality Education
- SDG 9 - Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
Although the education system in Vietnam has improved drastically in the recent years, there is still a glaring issue: even though the students who attend school are receiving a better education, the fact remains that many young children are still unable to attend school. Vietnam has made efforts to combat this issue, such as by revising the Law on Education in 2005, emphasizing that education is a fundamental right for all children. Nonetheless, the issue still remains, as there are many major obstacles such as poverty, child abuse, and HIV that still prevent many adolescents from being able to attend school despite the recent pushes. As a result, UNICEF has worked to develop an "Adolescent-Friendly Lower Secondary School" (AFS) approach in hopes to eliminate these barriers. This means that the education system would be much more inclusive and welcoming to all children, regardless of their social or financial status. Starting in 2007, the AFS model was implemented in 50 lower secondary schools in Vietnam. This evaluation serves to analyze the efficiency of the outcomes of the AFS model and its efficiency, as measured by students' performance. This effort was supported by the Government goal of Universal Lower Secondary Education as well as the Ministry of Education and Training (MOET).